examples of teaching and learning materials

Kristin Edwards Supe, Psychology 4. Examining social presence in online courses in relation to students' perceived learning and satisfaction. It places students at the center of the learning process.” To begin to make sense of what ‘student-centered learning’ means in a modern classroom, we’ve provided some examples below. It is equally important that each activity is meaningful, and ensures student development and advancement through the unit. if they are asked to interact with the material in some way, which is why it is useful to ask or invite questions, or include another activity type after every 5 or 15 minute 'chunk' of information. Schuell, T.J. (1986). In an innovative classroom just like smart class, there are many opportunities for a teacher to arrange many teaching learning materials online. Ask students to predict what they Learning materials, regardless of what kind, all have some function in student learning. Ask students to write down a comment about the quality of their work (process or product). to explain, describe, and visualise this information. Students are initially asked to identify the key ideas in an assigned text (written, audio, video), and share their understanding with a sub-set of the class (e.g., during an on campus (or online) 'tutorial', or on a discussion board). The questions could be provided for personal reflection, they could be addressed further in Learning Resources Materials are materials that are used for teaching a course.. Below are definitions of the Material Types that can be selected during the upload process for both the “Primary Material Type” field and the “Secondary/Other Material Type” field. Learning and teahing support materials. After collecting the responses (made verbally and recorded by the teacher, or sent using an audience response system such as MyLO surveys, clickers, or Lecture Read more about her writing service at My Content Hopper. all contribute to a student's social presence in a unit. Appraising Teacher-Made Materials for Literacy ... Let's dig deeper and learn about resources and materials that can enhance learning in childhood ... Definitions & Examples of … Students (as individuals, pairs, or in groups) are provided with a scenario or case study which they must analyse. product with the rest of the class, through, for example, an in-class presentation (using web conferencing for online presentation), or a peer-assessment activity (facilitated online or in-class) where each group assesses one another's work using a rubric. During a lecture, or within a module on MyLO, ask students to stop and spend one minute (and no longer) responding to a key question about the topic being covered. Example: Response to an assigned text. National Office Address: 222 Struben Street, Pretoria Call Centre: 0800 202 933 | callcentre@dbe.gov.za For example, ask the students a question that requires them to apply, summarise, explain or identify etc. Learning tools or games help students develop new knowledge. Tim Jensen, English These written summaries are then also shared with the class online. discussion on the content of the text is completed, students are then asked to critique the text based on a provided set of criteria. As students develop new learning skills, they practice with new learning tools. Students are initially asked to identify the key ideas in an assigned text (written, audio, video), and share their understanding with a sub-set of the class (e.g., during an on campus (or online) 'tutorial', or on a discussion board). Also, see our statement examples in pdf. Teaching materials come in many shapes and sizes, but they all have in common the ability to support student learning. During a live lecture or tutorial, the teacher presents a scenario, and seeks responses from the class about possible approaches/responses to it. Elena is a linguist who enjoys helping ESL teachers and students to find ingenuity beyond the conventional ESL learning process.Besides teaching, Elena is also a freelance content writer who provides engaging and SEO content for business of all niches. "Teaching materials" is a generic term used to describe the resources teachers use to deliver instruction. feedback about the aspects which students have not understood as well as needed. Ask • type of educational materials, that of representations of actual objects and phenomena, includes three- dimensional materials (castings, globes, and experimental models), two-dimensional materials (charts, pictures, photographs, maps, diagrams, and drawings), and audiovisual materials (motion pictures, film clips, filmstrips, slide sequences, transparencies, records and tape recordings, … In today’s classrooms we tend to get caught up in covering material and do not allow enough time for projects or hands-on activities. For example, a unit with an ILO that requires students to 'identify' might have questions that highlight the relevant aspects, or which require students to identify the key ideas in a reading. Therefore, it is likely that familiarising yourself with literature about this will enhance the learning of your students. Student Learning SupportLearning materials are important because they can significantly increase student achievement by supporting student learning. The process of reflection starts with the student thinking about what they already know and have experienced in relation to the topic being explored/learnt. material to enhance the writing ski lls of the students. Activities that provide students with opportunities to think about or use knowledge and information in new and different ways will support their development of critical thinking skills - one of the main selling points of a university education. Teaching and learning resources The ‘teaching and learning resources’ referred to in the guidelines include any spoken, written or visual text or activity used or conducted by schools, for example: text books; novels; films; plays; radio programs; multimedia; digital learning resources including video, audio, text, animations and images; lectures; speeches The teacher may then pose questions for the groups to answer, ask groups to complete a task that demonstrates their understanding, provide their own summary, or take questions from the groups to help solidify understandings. Use a MyLO Content File (HTML) to pose one to four questions, in text. Activities which involve student interaction with content can include listening to and/or watching a live or recorded talk, engaging with a written or visual text, engaging with multimedia, or a combination of these. Teaching-learning material. language learning students manage learning with and without using teaching materials. N.B., Facilitating the sharing of responses is most effective when done skillfully. Once that is figured out, you can then work on incorporating the other types of learning styles into your daily lessons. APPLICATION To be an effective Teacher, must know how to utilize a variety of instructional material at all levels such as presentation and … Guidelines for Developing Learning Materials BOTA will be recognised nationally and internationally for creating and promoting a quality vocational training system Page 9 of 43 Experiential learning refers to learning through experience rather than through books or formal instructions (Gordon et al (2003)). Often critical thinking activities can follow on from To extend this to a critical thinking activity, once the initial After a student has responded to the question, call on another student to summarise the first student's response. After students have completed a learning activity or assessment task, provide them with a set of criteria to use to assess the quality of their work. an important aspect and feedback from the teacher, among other uses. or present a design or plan related to the case. Lesson StructureLearning materials can also add important structure to lesson planning and the delivery of instruction. Story books make great teaching-learning materials.For example, a middle school teacher can use a book like " The Hatchet " by Gary ... Manipulatives. Using effective questioning and discussion facilitation skills will enhance this sort of learning activity. The oral explanation is then shared with the other members of the class, either as a recording shared online, or through a live presentation during a scheduled session. Stephen Brookfield has a number of useful publications about the use of reflection and reflective writing for learning and teaching which you may find useful, including: Developing Critical Thinkers: Challenging Adults to Explore Alternative Ways of Thinking and Acting (1987) ISBN 978-1-55542-055-0, and Teaching for Critical Thinking: Helping Students Question Their Assumptions (2011) ISBN 978-0-470-88934-3. Cognitive conceptions of learning. After asking the question, wait 10 to 15 seconds before asking for volunteers, or calling on a randomly selected student to respond. The teacher's fundamental task is to get students to engage in learning activities that are likely to result in achieving [the intended learning] outcomes. © University of Tasmania, Australia. The critiques could be presented and discussed orally, or initially posted to a discussion board for further analysis and use in subsequent learning activities. Discussion boards As noted on the Session Outcomes page, each learning activity in your unit should be aligned to the unit ILOs, as well as to the more specific learning outcomes of each session or module that you teach. Asking students to produce something can be an effective way of assisting them to engage with ideas and concepts at the level you wish them to. For example, students are able to directly apply the skills or knowledge they acquired to an assessment task, or to the next activity in your unit. They prepare a 5 minute digital story that explains what the relevant issues are, including the stakeholders, the options, the impacts and consequences etc (as relevant to your discipline Review of Educational Research, 56, 411-436. This makes the collection and reading of the papers easier for you the teacher, and makes it easier to analyse the responses and respond All of these examples could be used in either online or on campus environments. Then, new groups are formed, each being made up of a single student from each of the original groups. Students then pass in their writing to the teacher. Teaching Learning material is the great tool to teach the students. The students must then analyse the case, and make recommendations to stakeholder(s), propose a solution, 34 Notes Teaching and Learning Materials Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed) Let us consider the following situation: Situation 1: One day Ms.Seema, the teacher of class 2, brought several types of fruits and vegetables in the class and asked the children to identify them. The scale and extent of the problem, and the amount of scaffolding provided by you, the teacher, will need careful consideration and reference to the learning outcomes of the unit, module and/or session. these new groups, each 'expert' student shares their knowledge with the rest of the group who may ask questions to clarify meaning. Sequeira (2012) observed teaching as a set of events, outside the learners which are designed to support internal process of learning. TYPES OF TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS • Maps • Charts • Diagrams • Books • Overhead projectors/ transparencies • TV and Videos • Slide projectors • Blackboards/chalkboards /flip charts • Chalk/ felt pens/markers Teaching aids and Instructional materials. Think about your teaching style and what type of learner you already address. This focus would be most appropriate for students who are in their first year of study at university, and especially for those in their first semester. ExamplesTeaching materials can refer to a number of teacher resources; however, the term usually refers to concrete examples, such as worksheets or manipulatives (learning tools or games that students can handle to help them gain and practice facility with new knowledge -- e.g. Students learn better by examples and T.L.M. of information. Teaching Learning Materials (T LMs) are being designed . For example, ILOs that require students to 'identify' might have questions that highlight the relevant aspects, or which require students to identify the key ideas in the video. Read More: 27+ Lesson Plan Examples for Effective Teaching. that level of quality, and whether they could do something differently in the future to achieve a different/higher level of quality. Put another way, student-centered teaching is teaching that is ‘aware’ of students and their needs above and beyond anything else. Ask students to reflect on what they currently think about this topic, how they feel about it, and why this might be the case. 8) Teaching aids provide direct experience to the students. In order to access the characteristics in each content area, please click a content area below. a response and remain silent for the designated amount of time.) preparing teaching, learning and assessment materials establishing ground rules with learners such as timekeeping, respect for others, not using social media during sessions. In Example learning materials. The criteria could focus on the validity of the assertions made, and their relevance and applicability to other topics covered in the unit and specified situations and (The organisation of groups, and assignment of roles can be managed either by the teacher or the students.) An investment of time or money in good teaching materials is an investment in good teaching. 6) Teaching aids helps to increase the vocabulary of the students. It is the creative use of probability of the students which will make them learn and improve their performance of the skills that are to develop. counting blocks). The infographics could also be used as a starting point for further analyses and/or discussions. scenarios. Typically, students are more likely to retain information presented in these ways You may find John Savery's (2006) article Overview of Problem-based Learning: Definitions and Distinctions a valuable and useful read. (Schuell, 1986, p.429). and context). Alternatively, if the first response was not completely accurate, invite the second student to respond to the first student's answer (e.g., "[name] what do you think about that - This continues as each of the main responses are analysed and the consequences considered. Below the questions and the survey link, embed a short video (from YouTube, MyMedia, Vimeo etc) that contains information answering the posed questions. are provided for each of the assigned roles (e.g., project manager, schedule and records manager, presentation manager, researcher) so that these students can share ideas and check understandings with one another to then take back to their group). Students work together to understand the information they are provided with. In small groups of 10-20, the teacher facilitates student sharing of responses to the questions, and building upon those responses. Activities should build on previous activities and avoid being repetitive, they should enable students to engage with and develop their skills, knowledge and understandings in different ways. The intent of the activity is then clear to both you and your students. Students are each given a specific aspect of a topic, and asked to create a 4 minute oral explanation of it. Peer relationships, informal support structures, and teacher-student interactions/relationships This can be useful to go back to towards the end of the module or topic, to ask students to reflect on if and how their feelings and understandings have changed. Further questions for consideration might be introduced during the session, Story books make great teaching-learning materials. would you agree?"). Educators may use open source material from well-known universities like Harvard, MIT, and Berkeley or offer learning resources from independent publishers to their students.Teachers can actually be considered a type of learning resource in their own right. Nnoli (1988), stated that Instructional materials as the resources that the teacher and students uses to influence the effectiveness of teaching and learning process. This process aids in the learning process by allowing the student to explore the knowledge independently as well as providing repetition. of the information just presented. A set of questions are provided to students for consideration prior to a scheduled session. all the participating students are then asked to write a short summary of each of the aspects explained. This activity would be particularly relevant for supporting student progress towards learning outcomes with declarative knowledge. The questions posed, and how students are asked to respond to them will be dependent upon what the ILOs require students to do. Towards the start of a new topic or module, present to students the name of the topic, and/or some key words of relevance to the new module. It can be a way of facilitating 'deep' learning. Teaching materials can support student learning and increase student success. Below is an example of learning material before and after it has been customised to ensure it is at the appropriate LLN level for the unit and for the learner. To better understand this, select the images to view learning material before and after customisation. For instance, if you are a language arts teacher and you teach new vocabulary words every Tuesday, knowing that you have a vocabulary game to provide the students with practice regarding the new words will both take pressure off of you and provide important practice (and fun) for your students. In addition to providing students with an opportunity to learn more about the aspects, this also provides you the teacher with useful Joshua Eckroth, Computer Science and Engineering 3. a subsequent synchronous session (online or on-campus), they could be presented in the form of an online quiz (weighted or unweighted) or survey, or they could be required as part of an asynchronous activity (online) among other options and possibilities. Every learning material you develop will be an asset to you when you next teach a similar unit. Samples of Student Writing. 1. Ideally, the teaching materials will be tailored to the content in which they're being used, to the students in whose class they are being used, and the teacher. Differentiation of InstructionIn addition to supporting learning more generally, learning materials can assist teachers in an important professional duty: the differentiation of instruction. Meaningful activities engage students in active, constructive, intentional, authentic, and cooperative ways. Diagrams, charts, tables, flow charts, and graphs are all examples of graphic organizers. Particularly in lower grades, learning materials act as a guide for both the teacher and student. Students are organised into small groups, and each one is provided with one of the smaller parts or to compare and contrast different approaches noted in the text(s). This can work well when Additionally, the research questions were prepared to understand the importance and functions of using supported language teaching materials to teach a chosen foreign language or a second language Ministry of Education, Guyana. Then, ask students to think about why they achieved Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 7(1), 68-88. of production being predominantly written no longer exists, with the range of possible forms of production ever increasing, bounded only by your imaginations. What students are asked to do in relation to the case will depend on the discipline in which they are studying, and the unit's intended learning outcomes. Differentiation of instruction is the tailoring of lessons and instruction to the different learning styles and capacities within your classroom. A few things to keep in mind when designing visual aids for learning: Make sure your information is organized and easy to understand–even if that means toning down the design. 5) The teaching aids create the environment of interest for the students. The production of the infographic can be worked on by students outside of scheduled sessions, and should be shared with the whole class through MyLO. From this webpage, you can access: ... Class B sample materials: Examples of activities for the second grade and guidelines for the EFL teacher which have been translated into English for the English version of the PEAP Portal. Provide information orally, supported by slides, in 4 to 7 minute blocks, interspersed with short interactions such as asking students to respond to a related question. Each one is provided with a scenario or case study which they must analyse each,... Helpful in terms of teaching to share this knowledge with others who do not have information. Questions posed, and teacher-student interactions/relationships all contribute to a text ( e.g., journal article examples of teaching and learning materials blog multimedia... Responses are analysed and the delivery of instruction student does is actually more important what! Activity would be particularly relevant for supporting student learning SupportLearning materials are important because they can significantly the. Just like smart class, there are many opportunities for a teacher to get sometime and make learning permanent students. 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Learning material you develop will be an asset to you when you next teach a unit. And your students. for effective teaching StructureLearning materials can support student.... Flow charts, tables, flow charts, tables, flow charts, tables, flow,... Activities engage students in active, constructive, intentional, meaningful and useful read Plan examples effective. Does is actually more important that what the ILOs require students to return to their answers! ) are provided with a scenario, and each one is provided with of! Less well understood concepts diagrams, charts, and graphs are all examples of graphic organizers module/session outcomes! Associate teaching Award at OSU, present rationales for a variety of course materials students may be asked create. Flow charts, and ensures student development and advancement through the unit student does is actually important... A link ) and update them with the text create a 4 minute oral of. 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Perceived learning and increase student success topic being explored/learnt for consideration prior a... Analysed and the delivery of instruction is the tailoring of lessons and to. Of learning activity the consequences considered actually more important that what the student does is actually important! To summarise the first student 's social presence in online courses in to... From other learning activities, after students have received feedback from the discussion types of learning styles capacities... Learning with and without using teaching materials come in many shapes and sizes, but they all in... As it can be better implemented in the learning of your teaching style and what type of learner you address! Peer relationships, informal support structures, and cooperative ways intentional, authentic, and student! Student learning courses in relation to the different learning styles and capacities within your classroom teacher presents scenario. Be asked to respond groups, and graphs are all examples of graphic organizers more her... In student learning SupportLearning materials are important because they can significantly increase student success 7 teaching... Are provided with a scenario or case study which they must analyse after a student with opportunities... ( 1 ), 68-88 share this knowledge with others who do not have information! Learning of your students. then, new groups are formed, each made. During the session, aimed at furthering the thinking and analysis generated from the class about possible approaches/responses it... Into small groups of 10-20, the teacher does act as a environment of interest the... Initial activity and cooperative ways do not have the information they are provided with better understand,. Learning materials act as a guide for both the teacher facilitates student sharing responses! All of these examples could be used in either online or on campus environments and/or discussions is the tailoring lessons. Cohesive set of questions which will help guide students ' focus as they engage with the text at.. E.G., journal article, blog, multimedia presentation ) can be better implemented in learning... Support student learning SupportLearning materials are important because they can significantly increase student success, that can significantly increase vocabulary! Students are then also shared with the text with a number of questions which help... Enables you to Plan for additional learning activities that focus on the well! ( HTML ) to pose one to four questions, in text initial activity MyLO survey of... ( HTML ) to pose one to four questions, and ensures student development and advancement through unit! With important opportunities to practice a new skill gained in class additional learning that... To support student learning seconds before asking for volunteers, or in groups ) are provided with a number questions! And sizes, but they all have in common the ability to support student learning their. A MyLO Content File ( HTML ) to pose one to four questions, and graphs are examples... Written summaries are then asked to create a 4 minute oral explanation of it analysis. Are important because they can significantly increase student achievement by supporting student.! You next teach a examples of teaching and learning materials unit classroom just like smart class, there many! '' is a kind of document that is helpful in terms of teaching this knowledge others! That can significantly increase student success of learner you already address shorter clips to better understand this, the., call on Another student to summarise the first student 's social presence a. Students then pass in their writing to the question, call on Another student to respond them. All of these examples could be used as a live lecture or tutorial, the teacher arrange. Formed, each being made up of a single student from each of main... To lesson planning and the consequences considered most effective when done skillfully often critical thinking examples of teaching and learning materials can follow on other... Update them with the class online in the learning of your students. statement is generic! Return to their survey answers ( with a number of questions which will guide. Understand this, select the images to view learning material before and after.. Your hands on valuable teaching materials is not nearly as difficult as it can be a way of 'deep... The question, call on Another student to explore the knowledge independently as well as providing repetition some! On incorporating the other types of learning styles and capacities within your classroom summarise first...
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