summers of devastating infestations of Rocky Mountain Locusts (called the great Grasshopper Plague) which thrived on wheat, farmers decided to diversify, 1825 - The post continued to be called Fort St. Anthony until 1824, when, upon the recommendation of General Scott, who inspected the fort, A small extension of the northern boundary makes Minnesota the most northerly of the 48 conterminous U.S. states. The Minnesota Territory was formalized in 1849 with Saint Paul named as its capital. It contains a small brush, stainless steel ladle, plastic spice bottles labeled … 1865 - Civil War of the United States ends. A small extension of the northern boundary makes Minnesota the most northerly of the 48 conterminous U.S. states. 1683 - Catholic Missionary Father Louis Hennepin returns to France after exploring Minnesota and being held captive by the Dakota to write the first book about Minnesot… By pushing the boundaries of the human story across time, space, cultures, and media, we reveal the interconnected narrative threads and patterns of our individual and collective lives. Long before the place we call Minnesota had a motto, a capitol building, or a voting member of Congress, the Minnesota Historical Society (MNHS) was helping people understand the region’s past. In 1849 St. Paul became the capital of the newly formed Minnesota Territory, and it was made the state capital when Minnesota was admitted to the Union in 1858. Some of those early Minnesota people carved pictures of humans, animals and weapons into rocks. Minnesota First Early Inhabitants Timeline. Later it would serve to name the state capitol which sprang up around it. 1887 - St. Paul hosts the first ski tourney in the Midwest. tablet with runic carvings on it in his field near Kensington, Minnesota. At last, in poor health and tired of the government's broken promises, he 1857 - The Dred Scott Decision is rendered by the United States Supreme Court, where a Missouri slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom based disputes with British Canada keep British fur companies in Minnesota until 1818. The most fertile soils in Minnesota formed beneath the original grasslands of the south and west and are rich in organic matter and soluble minerals. State seal adopted by the Minnesota Legislature. and quickly spreads to the rest of the state. This new land stimulates the lumber industry in Minnesota. destroyed by fire. 1906 - William Williams is hanged in the county jail in St. Paul on February 13, ending capital punishment in Minnesota. 1848 - Wisconsin admitted into the union as a state, leaving residents of the area between the Mississippi and St. Croix rivers (current January 9, 2021. 1679- Frenchman Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Luth meets with Dakota Indians near Mille Lacs. These and other measures have led two groups to rank Minnesota as the healthiest state in the nation; however, in one of these rankings, Minnesota descended from first to sixth in the nation between 2005 and 2009 because of low levels of public health funding and … Banks bust and It became the 32nd state of the union on May 11, 1858. Conventional David Thompson, working for the North West Company (fur-trading) completes the first formal mapping of Minnesota. Depression lingers until 1861. 1931 - Ancient remains of 20,000 year old skeleton dubbed "Minnesota Man" found in Otter Tail County, Minnesota. New variant of COVID-19 found in Minnesota. The runes indicate a party of Viking explorers passed through that area in Minnesota was the 32 nd state in the USA; it became a state on May 11, 1858.. State Abbreviation - MN State Capital - St. Paul Largest City - Minneapolis Area - 86,943 square miles [Minnesota is the 12th biggest state in the USA] Population - 5,420,380 (as of 2013) [Minnesota is the 21st most populous state in the USA] Name for Residents - Minnesotans Major Industries - farming (corn, … Many parts of Minnesota have continuous snow cover for at least 90 days, from about mid-December to mid-March. Updated: Jan 10, 2021 8:53 AM. 1855 - Die Minnesota Deutsche Zeitung (The Minnesota German Newspaper), Minnesota's first non-English newspaper, rolls off the press The Minneapolis Institute of Arts was established in 1883. Red Lake, Lake of the Woods, and Canada’s Lake Winnipeg are all remnants of this huge body of glacial meltwater. crop in Minnesota. Senator Hubert Humphrey also runs for president that year, narrowly losing to Richard Nixon. Minnesota’s elevations range from 602 feet (184 metres) above sea level at Lake Superior to 2,301 feet (701 metres) above sea level at Eagle Mountain, located about 12 miles (19 km) from the lake’s north shore. 1890s - Electric streetcars become commonplace in large Minnesota cities. Minneapolis becomes the home of the Federal Reserve Bank. Minnesota - Minnesota - History: Until the middle of the 19th century, two major peoples occupied what is now Minnesota: the Ojibwa (also called Chippewa or Anishinaabe) in the north and east and the Dakota (Sioux) in the south and west. $1,665,000 US, $1,360,000 of which was set into a trust fund, of which the interest would be distributed to chiefs partly in cash, partly in supplies, 1944 -The Democratic and Farmer Labor parties merge to form the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party. 1850 - Treaties concluded at Traverse des Sioux and Mendota with the Dakota Indians whereby the Dakota ceded their lands east of the Red The population amounts to less than 4000 people, not including persons of pure Native-American heritage. (This peculiar protrusion is the result of a boundary agreement with Great Britain before the area had been carefully surveyed.) 1950 - The Korean War begins. With them was this kitchen bag. Raya Quttaineh, Italian count Giacomo Beltrami. "Public Enemy Number 1" John Dillinger has a gun battle with FBI agents 1930-1935 - Over 1/2 of iron ore extracted from the earth originates in Minnesota mines. 1,053 Minnesotans gave their lives over the course of the war. Four of the cases were identified through the MDH Public Health Laboratory, and … The Minnesota Department of Health released information regarding a new variant strain of COVID-19 that has now been found in five Minnesota residents. That’s when Minnesota found Vault, or maybe it was the other way around. They probably followed herds of large From the start, our mission was to collect and preserve Minnesota’s stories in all their forms. St. 1863 - At the Battle of Gettysburg the First Minnesota Regiment makes a heroic charges, losing 215 of 262 men. Mondale 1838-1848 - St. Paul, St. Anthony, and Stillwater (Minnesota's first towns) founded. as well as the port cities of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin. Lumber production peaks in Minnesota. 1927 - Charles Lindbergh, a native of Little Falls, Minnesota, flies solo across the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris. 1825 - Fort Snelling is established at the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1918 - World War I ends with 1,432 Minnesotans in uniform giving their lives for their country. 1894 - A massive forest fire caused by clear-cut logging debris encompasses Hinckley, Minnesota and several other nearby communities. In northeastern Minnesota there are stream valleys and deep, clear lakes that were scoured by glaciers from the granite bedrock. his two sons, Dr. William James Mayo and Dr. Charles Horace Mayo, he begins a clinic world-renowned for its dedication to the latest advances in medicine Minnesota: Minnesota was the 32nd state to enter the Union and is known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes" for its many lakes and was settled in … Taconite mining emerges as the future employment source ROBBINSDALE, Minn. (FOX 9) - A deadly shooting is under investigation in Robbinsdale, Minnesota after a man was found shot to death in a vehicle, according to Robbinsdale police. 1945 - World War II ends with 6,255 American servicemen from Minnesota giving their lives for their country. 118,497 men from Minnesota serve in the war. Times were had and Indian families hungry. Here, where traffic could be controlled on two major rivers, Fort Snelling was completed in 1825. Minnesota, constituent state of the United States of America. Needed supplies are missing from the cargo, though the boat does carry the umbrella-wielding Republican National Convention held in St. Paul; contested U.S. Senate Race between Al Franken, Norm Coleman settled by Minnesota Supreme Court Influenza known as Minnesota State University, Mankato). 1991 - Operation Desert Storm occurs with approximately 11,000 Minnesotans in uniform helping to defeat Iraq and liberate Kuwait. His ransom of $200,000 US is one of the largest ransoms in the United May 11 Minnesota becomes the thirty-second state admitted to the Union of the United States of America. 1934 - Edward G. Bremer of St. Paul kidnapped by the Barker-Karpis gang. When the U.S. government broke its promises, some of the Dakota went to war against the white farmers and towns. of four more novels won international acclaim. 1745 - The Ojibwe Indians defeat the Dakota 1888 - Western Minnesota receives a major blizzard on January 12 which takes 109 lives. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The average frost-free periods vary from fewer than 90 days in parts of the north to more than 160 days in parts of the south. resigns, The Virginia is the first steamboat to reach Fort Snelling. for the first time in St. Paul. 1884 - Minnesota iron ore begins to be exported heralding the dawn of iron mining in Minnesota. The Vikings were actually established in 1961. 1805 - Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike leads the first United States expedition through the Minnesota country. By 1936 the kidnappers had been caught and convicted. 1977 - Rosalie Wahl becomes the first woman justice in the Minnesota Supreme Court. Indeed, Minnesota received its name from the Dakota (Sioux) word for the Mississippi’s major tributary in the state, the Minnesota River, which means “Sky-Tinted Water.”. 1900 - Virginia, Minnesota destroyed by fire again. Minnesota’s terrain stretches from the edge of a subarctic forest to the heart of the Corn Belt. is bounded by the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario to the north, by Lake Superior and Wisconsin to the east, by Iowa to the south and South in part upon his residence in Minnesota. Settlers had begun occupying U.S. military-reservation land on the west side of the river in 1849; in 1855 the government gave these illegal squatters patent rights, and the village of Minneapolis was incorporated in 1856. Fur trading continues to be the main source of commerce in Minnesota through the early 19. Opinions differ, but most academic sources today doubt its 1920 - Minnesota authors receive international recognition. His subtle sketches, watercolors, and paintings become an invaluable record of the scenery and Indian life around the fort. Minnesota's first railroad is completed, connecting Minneapolis and Saint Paul. Abigail Snelling starts a Sunday School at Ft. Snelling for the children. Drawn to the beautiful bluff country of Minnesota and the agricultural opportunities of the Root River, people flocked to Lanesboro in the late 1800s after it was founded in 1868. In 1854, Saint Paul incorporated as a city and in 1858, Minnesota was admitted to the union with Saint Paul becoming the capital of the 32nd state. 1858 - Newspaper promotion of the Minnesota Territory prompts over one thousand steamboat arrivals in St. Paul, filled with settlers. About one in four Minnesotans is at least partly of Scandinavian origin, but those of German descent constitute the single largest ethnic group in the state. in favor of Franken; Northwest Airlines merged with Delta Airlines. Minnesota Historical Society formed to collect, publish, and educate people about Minnesota history. 5 cases of virus variant found in Minnesota The five people range in age from 15 to 37 and were ill in dates ranging from Dec. 16, 2020 … Great Britain wins claim to what is now eastern North America (east of the Mississippi River) and Canada. Later in the summer Moorhead, Minnesota ties 1933 - "Browns Valley Man" remains, estimated to be 8,000 - 10,000 years old, discovered in Brown County, Minnesota. 1902 - Approximately twelve automobiles appear in Minneapolis. Temperature variations in Minnesota occur not only seasonally but also from one part of the state to another. 1941 - First tax on taconite, a black magnetic iron-bearing ore, in effect in Minnesota. Paul) is the major administrative, economic, and cultural hub of Minnesota. 1803 - The United States of America purchases Louisiana Territory from France, gaining ownership of the western portion of Minnesota. Minnesota eventually provides Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company (3M) was founded in 1902 in Two Harbors, and was later moved to Duluth, Saint Paul, and then Maplewood. British troops stationed here act as only military force in Minnesota during the American Revolution. four hundred die. spreads to Minnesota. The Panic of 1857 sends prices skyrocketing. A massive explosion in a Minneapolis flour mill kills 18. Updates? The 1940 - The Armistice Day Blizzard strikes Minnesota leaving a 16.8 inches of snow in twenty four hours. (This peculiar protrusion is the result of a boundary agreement with Great Britain before the area had been carefully surveyed.) A small extension of the northern boundary makes it the most northerly of the 48 conterminous It changes, grows, becomes richer, and more complex when any individual It is bounded by the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario to the north, by Lake Superior and the state of Wisconsin to the east, and by the states of Iowa to the south and South Dakota and North Dakota to the west. 1815 - Peace treaty negotiated between the Dakota Indian nation and the United States government. Dakota and North Dakota to the west. Virginia, Minnesota Wheat becomes a major Minnesota Average annual precipitation ranges from less than 20 inches (500 mm) in the northwest to more than 30 inches (750 mm) in the southeast. 1898 - The Spanish-American War begins. On this day in 1993, Minnesota native Ann Bancroft and the 1993 American Women's Trans-Antarctic Expedition reached the South Pole. Jason Feldman, a former Amazon.com Inc. executive, and Claire Cochrane, a former Blue Apron executive, had started . 1921 - WLB, the first Minnesota radio station, formed at the University of Minnesota. 1905 - John A. Johnson, Minnesota's first native-born governor, elected to the first of his three terms. 1980 - Last iron ore shipment leaves the Cuyuna iron range. 1976 - Jimmy Carter becomes the 39th president of the United States with Minnesota Senator Walter Mondale as his vice-president. 1975 - The last American military personnel leave Vietnam with the evacuation of the United States embassy in Saigon, completely ending American 1880 - Telephone communication begun between St. Paul and Minneapolis. The Minnesota Legislature authorizes establishment of the 2nd State Normal School in Mankato (now 1673- French explorers Marquette and Joliet discover the upper portion of the Mississippi River. Who founded Minnesota? 1948 - Minnesota's first television station, KSTP, goes on the air. 1899 - Minnesota's lumber industry reaches its peak. would later run for president in 1984, losing to Ronald Reagan. On October 26, Calvin Griffith, president of the Washington Senators, made the historic decision to move his club to the Minneapolis/St. Florida during the Seven Years War. Initially considered a hoax, it was accepted by the Smithsonian Institution in 1948. killing 59. 1873 -A three-day blizzard hits Minnesota in January, killing seventy Minnesotans. Minnesota" is adopted by the Minnesota Legislature. Indians lived in Minnesota when the first Europeans arrived. The Minnesota Orchestra dates back to 1903 when it was founded as the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra. The Minnesota Department of Health confirmed five cases in residents of four counties in the Twin Cities metro Saturday. 1673 - French explorers Marquette and Joliet discover the upper portion of the Mississippi River. In the northern regions of the state, frost is possible in any month. Minnesota consists of extensive woodlands, fertile prairies, and innumerable lakes—the last the basis for one of the state’s nicknames, “Land of 10,000 Lakes.” Minnesota actually has about 12,000 lakes, all of which are larger than 10 acres (4 hectares) in area. Ancient burial River, Lake Traverse, and the Big Dakota River and south of a boundary line between the Dakota and Chippewa in 1825. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. 1853-1857- Population explosion occurs in Minnesota from 40,000 people in 1853 to approximately 150,000 people in 1857. 1988 - The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, passed to promote tribal economies, causes a boom in Indian casinos and gambling in Minnesota. Virginian Lawrence Taliaferro becomes the Indian agent at Fort Snelling. 1830 - Seth Eastman comes to Fort Snelling as a captain. Minnesota Vikings, American professional football team founded in 1961 and based in suburban Minneapolis, Minnesota, that plays in the National Football Conference of the National Football League. 1970 - Minnesotan Harry Blackmun named to the Supreme Court of the United States. it was named Fort Snelling, in honor of its founder. involvement in Vietnam and the Vietnam War. businesses fail. The nation?? 1679 - Frenchman Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Luth meets with Dakota Indians near Mille Lacs. Forty-nine Minnesota residents die and over $1,500,000 US worth of property is damaged as a result Minnesota's state flower is the pink-and-white lady's slipper. Farmer Olof Ohman finds a stone Cloud is the county seat of Stearns County and was named after the city of Saint-Cloud, France (in Île-de-France, near Paris), which was named after the 6th … interacts with it. Its name was derived from the Sioux word minne, meaning “water,” and the Greek polis, for “city.” Minnesota has 90,000 miles of shoreline, more than California, Florida and Hawaii combined. be 5,000 years old - and many are still visible today in Minnesota's state parks, such as Jeffers Petroglyphs near Comfrey and Windom. 1659-1660- French fur traders Groseilliers and Radisson explore western end of Lake Superior and environs. miles per hour with gusts over sixty miles per hour. As its fifth official act, Minnesota Territory’s legislature established the Minnesota … Boundary St. Paul native F. Scott Fitzgerald receives much acclaim for his book This Side of Paradise. Soils that formed under the original coniferous forest in northeastern Minnesota are light-coloured, acidic, and low in organic matter. 1929 - Great Depression begins in the United States. 1851 - Charter granted to the University of Minnesota, the first collegiate institution in the territory. By the end of the 20th century, services had become the dominant activity of Minnesota’s economy, surpassing farming, mining, and manufacturing, which had been the major sources of income for the state since settlement. History Minnesota United is an accessible, resilient and unifying force bringing the fastest growing sport in the country to fans in Minnesota and across the Twin Cities with innovative style. of the storm. 1818 - Northern boundary of Minnesota fixed at the forty-ninth parallel. residents of the Minnesota territory ratify the state constitution almost unanimously. 1968 - Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota begins his bid for the presidency by easily winning the New Hampshire presidential primary. When the rail service was abandoned however … American ground forces are introduced into Vietnam. and surgical procedures. 1854 - St. Paul becomes a city with a total area of four square miles. 1954 - Coya Knutson becomes the first Minnesota woman elected to the Congress of the United States. The nearly 5,000 square miles (13,000 square km) of inland fresh water are a dominant feature in Minnesota. Winds that day exceed thirty two a state record high official temperature of 114 degrees Fahrenheit, previously set in Beardsley, Minnesota in 1927. 1858-1859 - Henry Sibley instated as first governor of Minnesota. 1812-1814 - War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain with their Dakota, Winnebago, and Ojibwe allies. Extreme southeastern Minnesota was the only part of the state to escape glaciation during the last ice age. 1982 - A total of 34.3 inches of snow falls on the Twin Cities on January 20 and 22. 1841 - Chapel of Saint Paul built. MINNEAPOLIS (WCCO) — Robbinsdale Police are investigating after a man was found dead and slumped over inside of a vehicle. 5,639,632. Minnesota is one of the north-central states. 1819 - Begins construction of Fort St. Anthony on land purchased from the Dakota Indians for $2000 US. Part of I-35W bridge in Minneapolis collapsed into Mississippi River, killed seven; snow storms caused deaths of eight, over 300 auto accidents; statewide smoking ban for bars and restaurants enacted. 1800 - France acquires Louisiana Territory from Spain. Amidst the sectional and racial animosity sweeping the nation, the court ruled Scott remained a slave. States up to that time. The Dakota and Ojibwe (also called Chippewa or Anishinabe) Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). James Madison Goodhue begins publishing Minnesota's first newspaper, the. 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