These are Sinop, Kastamonu and some villages of Samsuns Carsamba district. of days to first pod setting and pod harvest period. These results were supported by Tewari and Gautam. There was no significant difference for pod flesh thickness among cowpea cultivars and genotypes used in this study (Table 3). A goal of this project is to develop additional cowpea cultivars for deer forage. Heavy pigmentation was the typical characteristic for Karagoz-86. Cowpea is a warm-season legume, often characterized as an orphan or underutilized crop, with great future potential, particularly under the global change. Meat and cowpea appetizer. There has been limited research on cowpea cultivation in Turkey[4-13]. Seed coat, flower and pod colours of genotypes were noted. Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. In order to select high yielding cowpea cultivars and to increase fresh pod yield, the pod harvest period, average pod weight and number of pods per plant should be taken into consideration. pods per plant, average pod weight, pod length, pod width, pod thickness, pod In all production areas, crops intended for grain are sometimes cut for hay after poor pod set, or when the relative return for hay is higher than expected returns from grain i.e. Leading vegetable cowpea producer provinces in Turkey are Izmir (3980 tons), Aydin (1967 tons), Manisa (1790 tons), Mugla (1242 tons), Hatay (1135 tons) and Balikesir (991 tons). Postharvest behaviour and quality changes of green pods of cowpea ( These findings of Gulumser et al. It was not statistically different from Duragan, Doganca, Dalbahce, Igdir and G18 genotypes (40.09, 40.37, 41.85, 42.30 and 42.56 g plant-1, respectively) for this variable (Table 3). G10 and Kirazlik1 can be recommended for fresh pod production as vegetable. Cowpea genotypes having a long fresh pod harvest period gave high pod numbers and fresh pod yield per plant, when compared with those having a short harvest period short. 65-75 days to harvest. A preliminary study of consumer preferences for pod characteristics in vegetable cowpea showed a general preference for greener, longer, fleshier pods that are less seedy. Vigna or cowpea. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. The highest number of pods per plant was found in Karagoz-86, Akkiz-86 and Kirazlik1 and they were highly significantly higher than others. All the quality characteristics were independent of accession origin and subspecies. Among cowpea cultivated material, a relatively large number of landraces can … Walp.) The traditional cowpea populations grown in Cy prus are used as multi-purpose crop, namely for the production of green pods, green immature seeds and dry mature seeds. Fresh pods of Karagoz-86 cultivar were restricted and it had larger seeds and crowder pods. Add to Cart. Pod colour was yellowish-green in G10, while it was green in all of the other genotypes. It shows considerable diversity in growth habit, flower and seed coat colour. Cowpea: an overview on its nutritional facts and health benefits. Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. yellow or purple.  determined that number of pods per plant, number of picking, average pod weight and pod length had positively and significantly correlated with yield per plant. The others were not statistically different from each other for pod harvest period. As the seeds dry, pod color of the green and yellow types becomes tan or brown. However, G10 and Karagoz-86 had also purple coloured section at the end of the their pods. 3 Cost and Return Analysis of Cowpea per hectare (fresh pods) 6 4 Cost and Return Analysis of Cowpea per hectare (seeds) 7 List of Figures Table No. Black-eyed peas, in and out of the shell. Kirazlik1 had light purple flowers and the rest of the cowpea genotypes had purple flowers. Plant height of G10, Doganca, Duragan and Karagoz-86 had highly significantly higher than the others. Dry grain for human consumption is the most important prod uct of the cowpea plant, bu t fresh or dried leaves (in man y p arts of Asia and Africa) (Nielsen et al. Soil fertility booster. Top view of grains in a bowl. These are mainly cultivated for their dry seeds as human food. Cowpea, as Vigna unguiculata is referred to as a forage or grain crop, is widely grown as a warm-season legume for deer forage. A traditional cowpea landrace in Cyprus is highly valued for fresh pod consumption in the local cuisine. Correlation analysis showed that fresh pod yield per plant was positively and highly significantly correlated with fresh pod harvest period, number of pods per plant, average pod weight, pod length and pod width. Cowpea genotypes having a long fresh pod harvest period gave high pod numbers and fresh pod yield per plant, when compared with those having a short harvest period short. , most of current research is related to cowpea growing for dry seeds. The study was carried out in the experimental area of Faculty of Agriculture, Dry cowpea sowing area and production of Turkey was 2900 ha and 2000 tons in 2001, respectively. Although number of pods per plant was low in G10, the highest fresh pod yield per plant was obtained from G10. Karagoz-86, Akkiz-86 and Kirazlik1 were in same statistical group with G10 for fresh pod yield. https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2004.269.273, The names and collection sites of cowpea genotypes in the 1998), fresh and fresh pod yield in cowpea genotypes, Simple linear correlations among fresh pod yield, some phenological I grow black eyed peas in my garden. The greatest plant height, highest number of branches per plant, longest fresh pod harvest period, highest average pod weight, longest pods, widest pods and thickest pods were all obtained from G10. White background. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. In culinary traditions, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are packed with protein. The haulm that remains after harvesting and threshing is a good source of quality fodder for ruminants. Fresh black-eyed peas. Cowpea is an annual herbaceous plant with a large tap root and alternate trifoliate leaves with ovate leaflets. Additional keywords: degree-days, heritability, legumes, protein content, yield. Dried seeds are consumed after cooking. Average pod weight was ranged from 2.06 g in Akkiz-86 and 8.15 g in G10. Pods and beans.Vegetable plant.Popular Chinese food. In conclusion, G10 was the most favourable genotype due to its desirable pod characteristics for vegetable cowpea production. The highest fresh pod yield plant-1 (110.23 g plant-1) was recorded in G10 genotype. Warm Season Grain Legume Landraces From the South of Europe for Germplasm Conservation and Genetic Improvement. Pods from the sesquipedalis accessions were heavier and larger, and reached commercial maturity 2 days later, than those from the unguiculata accessions. Its origin and subsequent domestication is associated with pearl millet and sorghum in Africa. Tewari and Gautam found that fresh pod yield was positively and significantly correlated with primary branches per plant, pods per cluster, clusters per plant, 100-seed weight and seeds per pod. BACKGROUND Cowpea is traditionally cultivated in some regions of southern Europe for its dried seeds; however, there is a scarcity of information on the quality and dietary characteristics of fresh pods, which are occasionally used in folk diets. Plant height, number of branches per plant, days to first pod setting, fresh pod harvest period, number of pods per plant, average pod weight, pod length, width, thickness, flesh thickness and seed coat, flower and pod colour were determined. A traditional cowpea landrace in Cyprus is highly valued for fresh pod consumption in the local cuisine. unguiculata and ssp. Roasted meat with cowpea stalks,asian food.Meat in vigna . 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